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Farmers and Pastoralists

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Created on 12 February 2013
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Agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa is constrained by highly variable rainfall, frequent droughts and low water productivity. There is an urgent need for better management of water on farmers' fields - and for increasing its availability through water harvesting.

These mini-films show a series of Sustainable Land Management (SLM) practices that have been proven in Sub-Saharan Africa. As well as helping to control land degradation and improve production, the practices constitute important components within the climate change adaptation strategies of small-scale farmers. An analytical conclusion is also included.

The director and script-writer, William Critchley, Senior Sustainable Land Management Specialist at the Centre for International Cooperation, VU University of Amsterdam, reviews development experience, and sets out the state of the art in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Farmers and Pastoralists in Africa have lived in proximity since agriculture emerged, and their relationship with each other is complex. While co-existence has never been without tension, because of rivalries for resources, there is a long history of mutual dependence.

At the most basic level, there has been trade: pastoralists selling animals and livestock products to farmers in exchange for grain and other foodstuff. But there are other interactions too, based on resource exchange.

In Niger, for example, pastoralists are encouraged to graze on stubble, and browse trees and shrubs on harvest, and the dung is then used by the host farming community to fertilize their fields. In Mali, there are examples of settled communities digging wells to supply water for pastoralist’ livestock, in exchange for supply of manure.

These relationships are commonly based on contractual arrangements. As the academic pendulum swings towards understanding and appreciation of pastoralists’ traditional opportunistic ‘tracking’ strategies, we also need to acknowledge the value of farmer-pastoralist interaction. However, simultaneously there is a need for support and dispute mediation.

More info: Information Cards: Sustainable Land Management in Sub-Saharan Africa 
Directed and scripted by: William Critchley (VU University
Produced by: Josephine Rogers (Countrywise Communication)
Year: 2012
Language: English

 

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0 #1 ziurke 2014-09-23 18:43

Visiems norintiems turėti papildomą pajamų šaltinį arba rimtai užsiimti gyvūnų veisimu, siūlome prisijungti prie mūsų ir pradėti auginti beplaukes žiurkes. Vienos žiurkės supirkimo kaina: 17 lt. Žiurkės supirkimo amžius nuo 1 mėn. arba nuo 50 g svorio. Veisiasi žiurkės labai greitai, nėštumas trunka 21 dieną, o maitina žiurkiukus pienu iki 21 dienos. Kergti žiurkę vėl galima po to, kai atsivedė mažylius, po paros arba kas 3 paras. Žiurkės gyvena iki 3 metų. Patelė vaisinga iki 1 metų, patinas - visą gyvenimą.

http://frozenrats.96.lt/Verslo%20pasiulymas%20Nr1.html

video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_1pyoCOzmT4
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