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Mega Irrigation Videos


Drain and Gain Sukkur


Mega irrigation projects always bring problems and sometimes it is not easy to solve it. Such a countries like Pakistan, total annual cost of crop losses from salinity in Pakistan have been estimated at between 15 and 55 billion rupees (Rs) per year. This is in addition to the Rs15 billion estimated to have been lost from the land that has been rendered unproductive.
Drainage is extremely important in Sindh province, however, because of the lack of management and maintenance not only dugged drainage canals collapsed but also natural drainage canals were blocked either by farmers or the government. Sometimes the government constructs railways or roads or farmers construct their house exactly on natural drainage canals and build roads, walls etc... That is one of the main reasons why during 2010 and 2011 flood damage increased. Today, local people are still facing damage from the flooding.

In Sukkur, the local government dug an open drainage canal and under pressure of the farmers, local authorities operate it regularly. Thanks to this simple drainage network in the area crop productivity has increased and soil condition has changed significantly.
Basically this short video shows that if government will re-open drainage canals and will improve the maintenance, the farmers will have more yield.

Produced by: TheWaterChannel
Language: Sindhi with English subtitles
Year: 2014
Region: South Asia


Gezira Irrigation Scheme - A Struggle for Revival


High potential of natural resources but low agricultural productivity are main characteristics of Gezira Irrigation Scheme in Sudan. Located in the central part of the Blue Nile Basin, it is the biggest gravity irrigation scheme under one management in the world, counting an area of almost 900,000 hectare. Fertile soils and sufficient water resources were the reason for its establishment more than 90 years ago. But today the scheme’s efficiency is low due to a deteriorated infrastructure and institutional and financial limitations. Strong efforts are needed to revive the food basket of Gezira in Sudan.

The film “Gezira Irrigation Scheme – A Struggle for Revival” was produced by the Institute for Technology and Resources Management in the Tropics and Subtropics (ITT) and financed by 'Centers of Natural Resources and Development' (CNRD). After the film “Agricultural Challenges in the Ethiopian Highlands”, which was produced in 2013 and focused on the upstream part of the Blue Nile Basin, this educational film presents the second IWRM case study film on one of the major river basins of the world.

More info:  http://www.iwrm-master.info
Produced by: Aline Bussman
Year: 2013
Language: English
Region: East Africa


The Construction of the Sukkur Barrage-Vintage Movie

This historical movie from the 1920's shows the construction of the Sukkur Barrage, also called one of the eight engineering marvels of the world.

The Sukkur Barrage still commands millions of hectares of irrigated area. The Barrage was built during the British Raj from 1923 to 1932 and named Lloyd Barrage. Located near the city of Sukkur in the Sindh province of Pakistan, the barrage is used to control water flow in the River Indus for irrigation and flood control purposes.

Produced by: Government of India (Railway Department)
Year: 1920´s
Language: English
Region: Sindh, Pakistan


Blowering Dam Documentary


Blowering Dam is located on the Tumut River approximately 13km south of the town of Tumut, NSW. The dam was constructed between 1964 and 1968 to store water for irrigation, mainly in the Murrumbidgee and Coleambally Irrigation Areas. Blowering Dam is owned and operated by State Water Corporation, and is the final dam in the Snowy Mountains Hydro-Electric Scheme.
State Water Corporation upgraded the dam in 2010 to improve its capacity to handle extreme large floods in line with modern national and international safety standards.
This video presents the history of Blowering Dam including various phases of investigation, which commenced in 1902, and upgrade works undertaken between the period of 2009 and 2010.
It also presents the world record for the fastest man on water set by Ken Warby in his boat "Spirit of Australia" on the 8th October 1978.

More info: http://www.statewater.com.au/
Produced by: Vince Bucello, Midstate Video Productions
Year: 2011
Language: English


Drainage and the need for it

Short explanation on how drainage works and questions as whether it cannot be avoided, by water expert Jumadurdyyev OwuzDurdy. This short clip is shot in Turkmenistan.

More info: www.metameta.nl
Produced by: MetaMeta - Frankly Speaking Series
Year: 2016
Language: Turkmen
Region: Asia



The Big Annual Cleanup

It may be one of the word’s largest clean ups – the annual ‘canal closure’ in the mega irrigation systems in Sindh, Pakistan. Every year for two weeks in January the large irrigation canals are closed. No water is allowed to flow in them during that period. Instead, manual labour and excavators move in to remove the silt that has built up over the course of the year.

More info: http://thewaterchannel.tv/thewaterblog/211-the-cleanup
Produced by: MetaMetaSukru Esin
Year: 2014
Language: English
Region: Sindh, Pakistan 


Conjunctive win-win

Due to the lack of drainage network in Sindh province (Pakistan) the  majority of the farmers are facing water logging problems and as a result,  soil is becoming saline day by day. Once the field becomes saline, farmers can not harvest… As the majority of Pakistani’s income is dependent on agriculture, if they dont open drainage networks, people will face more difficulties…

Some of farmers dug their own surface drainage. In this video from the Nawazabad Farm, it shows a very simple surface drainage canal that not only balances groundwater level but also collects seepage from the canal and used as water shortage. Basically Nawazabad farm is doing conjunctive water use at their field.
In these kind of areas where  there is water scarce, one of the best solution is conjunctive water use.

More info: www.spate-irrigation.org
Produced by: TheWaterChannel
Year: 2014


Farmer-managed drainage well in Sanghar

Pakistan's Left Bank Outfall Drain (LBOD) project is one of world's largest drainage projects. The goal was to bring higher crop yields to farmers through the reclamation of saline and waterlogged farmland but due to managemement and energy crises in Sanghar many LBOD tubewells are not working anymore.

The LBOD Project is an environmental improvement project which was conceived in the 1960s as a response to the problem of rising water tables and resulting water logging and salinity. Some farmers took initiative and were not only responsible for maintenance but also for operation and security. As a result of this responsibility, farmers prevented water logging in their areas.

Each year, Pakistan loses about 25 percent of its potential crop production equivalent to US$2.5 billion due to salinity.

More info:http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/PROJECTS/0,,contentMDK:20017537~menuPK:64282137~pagePK:41367~piPK:279616~theSitePK:40941,00.html
Produced by: TheWaterChannel
Language: Sindhi with English subtitles
Year: 2014
Region: South Asia


Scavenger Well

The government of Sindh Province has installed more than 350 scavenger tubewells.
The main objective of this implementation is providing drainage and to recover shallow fresh groundwater for irrigation supplements.

Due to the energy crises in Pakistan, unfortunately scavenger tube wells are out of operation. But some of the farmers took an initiative to manage scavenger tubewells in their areas.

Thanks to the scavenger tubewell farmers are practicing conjunctive water use. Thanks to the conjunctive water use farmers solved water scarcity during water shortage in the area.

More info:
Produced by: TheWaterChannel
Language: Sindhi with English subtitles
Year: 2014
Region: South Asia


Improving Canal Irrigation in Sindh, Pakistan

More info: http://www.indusconsortium.pk/
Produced by: Indus Consortium
Language: Punjabi, Urdu, with English subtitles
Region: Punjab, Sindh, Pakistan, South Asia


Kotri Barrage-Head Works

The Kotri Barrage is a barrage on the Indus River near Hyderabad in the Sindh province of Pakistan. The barrage was completed in 1955 and is one of the most advanced in the world. It is used to control the water flows of the Indus River for flood control and irrigation purposes. This video shows some nice pictures and footage from as well as the construction of the dam as its condition nowadays. In the end of the video, the rehabilitation works between 1989 and 2000 are discussed.

Produced by: Irrigation Department of Sindh and Eye Studio
Year: 2013
Language: English
Region: Pakistan, Middle East