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Assessing the Environmental Impact of Irrigation Schemes in Ethiopia

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Created on 26 July 2011
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Agriculture is the mainstay of the Ethiopian economy, providing 80% of the employment and accounting for 50% of the GDP. A critical issue limiting the sector’s productivity is its continuing dependence on rainfall for irrigation purposes.

Recognising this, government agencies have constructed a large number of small scale irrigation structures over the years, through its various programs. While many of them were found to bring about economic benefits to the users (and local economies in general), they had been designed without due consideration of potential environmental impacts.

In this presentation, Ermias Alemu from Arba Minch University discusses key findings from an environmental impact assessment study of 4 such schemes. The study found that the schemes had/ were likely to have several adverse impacts on the environment, such as erosion and siltation, water logging and subsequent loss of land, obstruction of movement and loss of vegetation cover. It also recommends steps that can be taken to limit these effects.

More info: http://www.amu.edu.et
Produced by: TheWaterChannel
Year: 2012
Language: English



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