Enzymes are vital forces of any living things.
An enzyme is a type of protein present in all living organisms. They are responsible for a number of reactions and biological activities in plants, animals, human beings and microorganisms. Wherever a substance needs to be transformed into another, nature uses enzymes to speed up the process.
Enzymes are produced from living cells – typically microorganisms. They are the tools of nature, cutting and pasting all kinds of biological material and kick-starting key biological processes. For example, it is the enzymes in our stomachs that break down food into a form that can be absorbed into our bodies and converted into energy.
Enzymes are highly efficient in increasing the reaction rate of chemical and biochemical reactions which typically proceed very slowly, or in some cases, not at all. Therefore enzymes can be used to make better use of raw materials, save water and energy, and almost always replace toxic chemicals. A good example of greater efficiency due to enzymes is the production of fruit juice. Adding enzymes before the fruit is pressed makes it possible to extract far more juice and generate less waste.
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