Planning the development of watersheds for Ethiopia started in the 1980’s. Since then, rural development efforts by the government (as well as most non-government organisations) have been based on the ‘watershed-logic.’ While this approach is particularly relevant to Ethiopia given its hydro-geology, it applies equally well in several regions across the world.
Participatory Watershed Development is now placed firmly at the centre of Ethiopian development policy. In 2005, the federal government published a set of national guidelines. The document consolidates various regional-level data, scientific methodologies and socio-economic analysis. It serves to coordinate watershed development activities being carried out at various levels by a variety of actors (regional government/ communities/ NGOs etc.)
Lakew Desta, Capacity Building and Networking Advisor at TBIWRDP (TanaBeles Integrated Water Resources Development Project ,Ethiopia), was one of the contributors to the Guidelines. In a four-part presentation, he shares Ethiopia’s experiences with Community-based Participatory Watershed Development, with case studies from around the country.
In this third part, he takes us through the guidelines, introducing the document and explaining some important parts.