The area under spate irrigation in Pakistan is very substantial and by most reliable estimate it is 1.4 M ha – or equivalent to 9% of the entire area. It is very much neglected and almost invisible in programs and policies of government and civil society. There has been a steady deterioration in water management, bringing the areas in a downward spiral. This deterioration is manifest in the construction of unauthorized water diversions, the silting up of the flood channels and the development of gullies distorting the hydraulics. In addition there has been a deterioration in forestry resources, rangelands and livestock material.
There are however considerable opportunities to revive/ improve the productivity of the spate irrigated areas. Thats why the Pakistan Spate Irrigation Network born in 2007, bringing together the current knowledge and experience in spate irrigation, connecting the different organizations working in spate irrigation and promote and lobby for adequate and appropriate attention to spate irrigated livelihoods.
TheWaterChannel presents a series of clips that cover a range of topics related directly with the communities of these spate irrigation areas in Pakistan. Rural technologies such us the hand driven grinding mill or mechanical/electrically driven, the fodder chopper machine, Oil Extractor Machine or wild mushrooms tipically grown in this land.
This video shows the hand driven grinding mills, common in rural areas and used by women at household level. It consists of two stones – base stone and upper stone. Before grinding grains are dried in open air. This simple device makes flour and also splits the grains and is adjustable for fine and course flour.
These days mechanical/electrically driven small scale grinding machines are available working on the same. It is economical and benefits larger number of people, i.e. village/community. Machine has provision of making flour – fin and medium and coarse sizes. Usually the complete unit cost 300 to 400 US $.
More info: /www.spate-irrigation.org
Produced by: TheWaterChannel
Language: English subtitles