The WaterBlog

How Gabion Dams reshaped life in Soke Bokicha Kebele, Ethiopia

Authors: Guta Eshata & Femke van Woesik In Soke Bokicha Kebele, Middle Awash, Ethiopia, the persistent absence of rainfall, even during the supposed rainy season, presents significant challenges for local communities and farmers. Their struggle to produce enough food for sustenance forced them to seek additional support to feed their families. With rainfed agriculture proving futile, the need for irrigation is high. However, the water availability in the area is low. Besides the lack of rain, another reason for the water scarcity is the high flood flows from the Biskelo River during the rainy season. Its flood flow transports substantial sediment from upstream to downstream, rendering the river dry after November. This scenario makes it impossible for the community to gather water for irrigation, livestock, and domestic use. To address this issue and increase water availability, the Green Future Farming (GFF) project proposed two interventions: tree plantation in the upper stream to mitigate erosion and the construction of Gabion Dams… Continued

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